9 Parts Of Speech With 5 Examples Each

What are parts of speech ? Parts of speech are the category words that are assigned in accordance with its syntactic functions or with its different roles in a sentence. This blog will help you out with the “9 Parts Of Speech With 5 Examples Each”.

9 Parts Of Speech :

  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Adjectives
  4. Verbs
  5. Adverbs
  6. Prepositions
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Interjections
  9. Articles

1. Nouns : Naming Word

A noun is a word that is used to identify any person, place, thing and animal. In a sentence it can play the role of subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, object complement, appositive, or adjective.

Five Examples :

  1. London is on the bank of the river Thames.
  2. Kolkata is a beautiful city.
  3. Death is inevitable for all.
  4. There are at least twenty Italian restaurants in Little Italy.
  5. I need to find information about Pulitzer Prize winners.

Categories Of Nouns :

  1. Proper Nouns : It refers to specific names of a person, place, animal or thing. It always starts with a capital letter.
  2. Common Nouns : It refers to the undefined or generic names of persons, places, animals or things. It is always the opposite of proper nouns.
  3. Concrete Nouns : It refers to something that can be perceived through the five senses.
  4. Abstract Nouns : It refers to the intangible ideas that can’t be perceived with the five senses, such as social concepts, political theories, and character traits.
  5. Collective Nouns : It refers to a noun that functions as a singular noun while referring to a group of people or things.
  6. Compound Nouns : It refers to the nouns that appear as a single word, multiple words used separately, or words connected by hyphens.
  7. Countable Nouns : It refers to one that is countable, and has a singular and plural form.
  8. Uncountable Nouns : It refers to one that cannot be counted.

2. Pronouns : Replacing Noun

A pronoun is the word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself or used to substitute a noun and that refers either to the participants in the discourse or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse.

Five Examples :

  1. He made himself a sandwich.
  2. Who wants a bag of jelly beans?
  3. They will need a seating assignment and a name tag.
  4. She did the entire group project by herself.
  5. There were four cats, and none had long hair.

Categories Of Pronouns :

  1. Personal pronouns : It refers to specific individuals and groups. It includes : I/me, She/her, He/him and many more.
  2. Relative pronouns : It connects relative clauses to independent clauses and often introduces additional information about something mentioned in the sentence. It includes these words : that, what, which, who, whom.
  3. Demonstrative pronouns : It takes the place of a noun or noun phrase that has already been mentioned or is clear through context, either in written or verbal communication. It includes : that, this, these, and those.
  4. Indefinite pronouns : It is used to refer to a person or thing that doesn’t need to be specifically identified. It includes : one, other, none, some, anybody, everybody, and no one.
  5. Reflexive pronouns : It is used when both the subject and object of a verb refer to the same person or thing. It includes these words : myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself and many more.
  6. Intensive pronouns : It conceptualizes the difference and adds emphasis. It helps to express pride, shock, disbelief, credulousness or any other strong emotion.
  7. Possessive pronouns : It refers to pronouns that show possession. It includes : my, your, our, their, his, he and its.
  8. Interrogative pronouns : It used to refer to questions. It includes : who, what, which, and whose.
  9. Reciprocal pronouns : It is used to refer to two or more people who are both the subject of the sentence. It includes : each other and one another.
  10. Distributive pronouns : It refers to people, animals, and objects as individuals within larger groups. It includes the following : either, each, neither, any and none.

3. Adjectives : Qualifies Noun

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies or names an attribute of a noun or noun phrase or describes its referent. They are often called “describing words” because they give us further details about a noun, such as what it looks like or how many there are or which one it is.

Five Examples :

  1. Each puppy got their own little doghouse.
  2. This watch is cheaper than that one.
  3. Sydney spent the day with her parents.
  4. The steak looks delicious.
  5. Which button turns off the lights?

Categories Of Adjectives :

  1. Distributive adjectives : These adjectives are used to refer to members of a group individually. It includes : each, every, either, and neither.
  2. Demonstrative Adjectives : These adjectives are used to describe the position of a subject or a noun or pronoun in space or time. It includes : this, that, these and those.
  3. Possessive Adjectives : These adjectives are used to show or represent possession of a quality. It includes words : my, your, his, her, their, its, whose and many more.
  4. Predicate Adjectives : These adjectives appear in the predicate of a sentence as a subject complement rather than directly next to the nouns or pronouns that they modify.
  5. Interrogative Adjectives : It is used to modify a noun or a pronoun by asking a question. It includes : whose, what and which.
  6. Compound Adjectives : These adjectives consist of two or more adjectives that are combined together to form an adjective that can be used to modify the subject.

4. Verbs : Action Word

A verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence.

Five Examples :

  1. All morning I was thinking about how toads are better than frogs.
  2. He was just being nice to everyone to get a promotion.
  3. I have eaten sushi many times before.
  4. The well water tastes wonderful.
  5. Comets have collided with earth many times.

Categories Of Verbs :

  1. Dynamic or Action Verbs : These verbs describe a physical action or activity, something external that can be seen or heard.
  2. Stative or State-of-being Verbs : These verbs describe a subject’s state or feeling, including things they like and don’t like. The dynamic verbs of action are always the opposite of stative verbs of being.
  3. Auxiliary or Helping Verbs : These verbs are used in English to change another verb’s tense, voice, or mood. It always has a main verb that represents the main action.
  4. Phrasal Verbs : These verbs are phrases that act as individual verbs, often combining two or more words and changing their meaning.
  5. Transitive Verbs : These verbs simply express an action. It is always followed by a direct object, which is someone or something that’s receiving the action of the verb.
  6. Intransitive Verbs : These verbs are ones that are not followed by a direct object. It shows action.

5. Adverbs : Describing Word

An adverb is a word or phrase that modifies or qualifies or describes an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.

Five Examples :

  1. Did you come here to buy an umbrella?
  2. I did not go to school yesterday as I was sick.
  3. Savio reads the newspaper everyday.
  4. Can you please come quickly?
  5. Tony was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes open during the meeting.

Categories Of Adverbs :

  1. Place : It tells something about “where” something happens or ”where” something is done.
  2. Time : It states “when” something happens or “when” it is done.
  3. Frequency : It is used to describe the frequency of an event or how often something happens.
  4. Manner : It refers to “how” something happens or “how” an action is done.
  5. Degree : It states intensity or degree to which a specific thing happens or is done.

6. Prepositions : Relationship Showing Words

Prepositions or relationships showing words are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations or mark various semantic roles. It expresses a relation to another word or element in the clause and combines with a noun phrase.

Five Examples :

  1. The teacher asked the students to draw lines on the paper.
  2. The child hid his birthday presents under his bed.
  3. Mom asked me to go to the store near my school.
  4. The thieves jumped over the wall and escaped before we could reach home.
  5. The coffee shop is across the street.

7. Conjunctions : Joining Word

A conjunction is a word that is used to connect clauses or sentences or phrases or to coordinate words in the same clause. It allows you to form complex, elegant sentences and avoid the choppiness of multiple short sentences.

Five Examples :

  1. Meera and Jasmine had come to my birthday party.
  2. Jane did not go to work as she was sick.
  3. Unless you work hard, you cannot score good marks.
  4. I have not finished my project yet.
  5. You’ll need to study all night if you want to pass tomorrow’s test.

Categories Of Conjunctions :

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions : These are used to combine or join two independent words, phrases, and clauses of equal grammatical rank in a sentence. It includes words : for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
  2. Subordinating Conjunctions : These are used to combine or join an independent clause and a dependent clause. It includes words : because, since, as, although, though, while, whereas, etc.
  3. Correlative Conjunctions : These are used to combine two phrases or parts of the sentence which have equal importance within a sentence. It works together. It includes words : not only .. but also, either .. or, neither .. nor, whether .. or, rather .. or, if .. then, etc.

8. Interjections : Expressive Word

An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction and is usually seen as independent grammatically from the main sentence. It encompasses many different parts of speech, such as exclamations, curses, greetings, response particles, hesitation markers, and other words.

Five Examples :

  1. Wow! What a wonderful work of art.
  2. Alas! That is really sad.
  3. Yippee! We won the match.
  4. Oops! I spilled the coffee everywhere.
  5. Ouch! That really hurt badly.

9. Articles : Determiners

An article is a member of a class of dedicated words that are used with noun phrases to mark the identifiability of the referents of the noun phrases. It is used to specify and identify nouns that are indefinite and definite articles.

Five Examples :

  1. The tall man took the car to the shop.
  2. I gave my brother an umbrella.
  3. He found a book to read.
  4. Do you want some milk?
  5. I need an English dictionary.